How to Photograph Crockery and Cutlery
In 1928, Andre Kertész took an iconic photo of a fork resting on a bowl. It’s called “La Fourchette”. Despite its simplicity, or maybe because of it, the photo is striking. The separate parts of the composition are banal—a bowl, a fork, and a table—but the photo is a superb study in light and form. Bold shadows emphasize shape and create a visual intrigue that holds the viewer’s attention.
With Kertesz’s photo forever lodged in my mind, I’ve taken many photos of crockery and cutlery over the years. Stopping for something to eat or drink is a reason to take the camera out rather than put it away. Although I have a modest collection of antique knives, forks, and spoons at home, eating out while finding new tableware to photograph is part of the fun.
Cameras and lenses
You can use any camera to photograph tableware, obviously, but some close-up capability is useful. Smartphones and compact cameras are ideal, as they allow extreme close-ups with lots of depth of field. Cameras with bigger sensors effectively give less depth of field, and often you’ll want lots of it. Also, a small camera is easier to use discreetly at a restaurant table.
Working with shadows
To imitate the Kertész fork photo you need directional light. If you’re taking photos at an eatery, look for lighting opportunities before choosing a table. Window light is directional on a sunny day if there are no net curtains or frosted glass installed.
Bare, clear-glass bulbs create bolder shadows than a fluorescent bulb or shaded light. A table lamp with a tapered coolie shade makes a good makeshift studio light if you move it close to your subject, as it forces its strongest light downwards.
Looking at form
Not by accident did Kertesz choose a fork for his tabletop photo. No other piece of cutlery is as intriguingly formed. However, many types of tableware are elegantly designed, so it’s worth looking closely for photo opportunities. Intricate details often make good photos. As well, you can combine multiple items to make the composition more appealing. The graceful lines of several stacked spoons make a good photo, for instance.
Making the most of reflections
When you take photos of shiny silverware, glassware, or cups filled with tea and other beverages, inevitably you’ll see some reflections. Some of these are to be avoided, but you don’t usually want a reflection of yourself in the photo.
On the other hand, the success of the photo might hinge on a good reflection of other cutlery items or perhaps an ornate window or furnishing nearby. This is always worth watching out for one way or another.
Tabletops and backdrops
Whenever a tabletop forms part of your composition, you must make sure that it doesn’t detract from the photo. Just like any background, it has the power to make or break the whole image.
Don’t include it at all if it has a distracting pattern or texture. Look closely at any grain or joins to make sure nothing works against the flow of the photo. In some cases, a well-lit or interesting table surface may play a strong role in the picture. If that isn’t so, it should be low-key.
Once you’ve exhausted photo possibilities based on light and form, it’s always worth examining the little design flourishes found on a lot of fancy tableware. For this minute examination of detail, you definitely need a macro lens or the close-up facility of a cell phone or compact camera.